Understanding to prevent. Study on homophobic prejudice in a sample of university students of the University of Perugia.
Keywords:Homophobia, Homonegativity, Sexual prejudice, Multidimensional Scale of Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men
Discrimination related to sexual orientation and gender identity is still a major problem for LGBT+ people today. After a brief examination of the level of discrimination against LGBT+ people in Italy with respect to the international context, this study investigates the levels of homophobic prejudice in our country, in relation to two dimensions of homonegativity: a traditional and a modern one. The study involved a sample of 899 university students enrolled at the University of Perugia. The multidimensional scale of attitudes towards lesbians and gay men was used as a survey tool (Gatoet al.2012). The results show that university students reject, in a clear majority, the more traditional dimension of homonegativity, linked to attitudes of rejection, condemnation and pathologization, while there is a significant share of agreement, about one-third of the sample, on the dimension of modern homonegativity, which is more subtle and indirect, linked to social recognition and equality of rights.
Whatever is an open access journal, which means that all articles are available on the Internet to all users immediately upon publication. Our articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Licence 4.0 by-nc, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial.
Authors hold copyright without restrictions. Also, authors retain publishing rights on their articles; however, it is recommended to keep track of the CC-BY-NC license and to quote original publication.